Defending the 12th century since the 14th; blogging since the 21st.

Catholicism, Conservatism, the Middle Ages, Opera, and Historical and Literary Objets d'Art blogged by a suburban dad who teaches law and writes stuff.

"Very fun." -- J. Bottum, Editor, FIRST THINGS

"Too modest" -- Elinor Dashwood

"Perhaps the wisest man on the Web" -- Henry Dieterich

"Hat tip: me (but really Cacciaguida)" -- Diana Feygin, Editor, THE YALE FREE PRESS

"You are my sire. You give me confidence to speak. You raise my heart so high that I am no more I." -- Dante

"Fabulous!"-- Warlock D.J. Prod of Didsbury

Who was Cacciaguida? See Dante's PARADISO, Cantos XV, XVI, & XVII.

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Wednesday, April 21, 2004
Happy birthday to Leonard Warren, 1911-1960, Jewish Catholic, and the greatest Italian-style baritone of all time.

As Scarpia                                           As Verdi's Macbeth

Warren died on-stage at the Met. His character that night, Don Carlo di Vargas in Verdi's La Forza del Destino, had just learned that his arch-enemy has survived a war-wound. This delights Carlo, because it means he can now kill the guy himself. At this point, a blood-vessel in Warren's brain snapped, and he fell over like a tree. His death was so quick, he didn't have time to get "out of character", so his last words ended up being those that Carlo di Vargas sings at that point in the opera: E salvo -- e salvo -- o gioia! "He is saved -- he is saved -- oh joy!"

Not such a bad way to go.

Visit The Leonard Warren Foundation, and send them money.